Young Living Premium Starter Kit

Home » Young Living Premium Starter Kit
Young Living Premium Starter Kit2020-06-20T23:43:40+00:00

Table of Contents

Are you ready to take the first step in a life-changing journey toward better well-being, financial freedom, and a commitment to sharing health and wellness opportunities with people you care about? If so, keep reading to learn about joining Young Living with only a few simple steps.

 It’s never been easier to join Young Living in transforming people’s lives through essential oils. By selecting a Young Living Premium Starter Kit, you’re choosing everything you need to begin enjoying the top-selling oils and proprietary oil blends, as well as the highest quality home diffuser, sample packs, and member information to help you introduce essential oils to others. Right now Young Living is offering an extraordinary value on starter kits that will allow you to enjoy wholesale prices as well as pass them along to others in order to launch a new career educating others on the tremendous benefits of the Young Living lifestyle.

The all-new starter kits are an ideal way to introduce someone to the world of Young Living essential oils. Designed with members in mind, each kit includes our most popular oils, more samples than ever before, a beautiful diffuser, and business-building materials to help you achieve success with your new essential oils business.

Young Living offers a range of starter kits – from a basic version that is your best bet if you’re looking for an inexpensive option, to unique kits that come with special Young Living products like Savvy Minerals makeup or Thieves products. If you’re wondering what comes in the Young Living Starter Kits, keep reading! If you’re serious about taking the first step in a true life transformation – let us help!

  • Enroll with the ultimate Young Living product and business experience! An extraordinary value that offers a comprehensive introduction to the power of essential oils, the Premium Starter Kit is the perfect option for those who are serious about transforming their lives and becoming a Young Living Essential Oil distributor
  • Set yourself up for success with our Starter Kits! These introductory kits have been completely redesigned to include cutting-edge business-building materials and more product samples than ever before. These all-new kits are the perfect way to introduce someone to the Young Living opportunity and lifestyle.

Young Living Essential Oils Starter Kit

Young Living offers a range of starter kits – from a basic version that is your best bet if you’re looking for an inexpensive option, to unique kits that come with special Young Living products like Savvy Minerals makeup or Thieves products. If you’re wondering what comes in the Young Living Starter Kits, keep reading! If you’re serious about taking the first step in a true life transformation – let us help!

Rainstone Diffuser Premium Starter Kit

Young Living Rainstone Diffuser Starter Kit

The convenient kits include everything you need to provide information on an essential oils lifestyle while enjoying the benefits yourself!

Dewdrop premium starter kit young living

Young Living Dewdrop Diffuser Starter Kit

Packed with Young Living favorites, this kit contains the Dewdrop Diffuser which functions as a humidifier, atomizer, and aroma diffuser in one.

desert mist premium starter kit

Young Living Desert Mist Diffuser Starter Kit

Packed with Young Living favorites, this kit contains the Desert Mist Diffuser which is custom-designed with elegance in mind.

Aria Premium Starter Kit Young Living

Young Living Aria Diffuser Starter Kit

Packed with Young Living favorites, this kit contains the Aria diffuser which is uniquely created with natural style in mind.

thieves premium starter kit young living

Young Living Thieves Premium Starter Kit

The Thieves Premium Starter Kit has everything you need to introduce natural, chemical-free products into your cleaning and self-care routine.

Young Living Basic Starter Kit

The Young Living Basic Starter Kit has everything you need if you are looking to become a member or looking for an inexpensive way to learn what essential oils. 

Ningxia Premium Starter Kit

Y9ung Living NingXia Red Starter Kit

Ningxia Red is a nutrient-infused blend of wolfberry, cherry, and other berries combined with stevia, vanilla, and citrus vitality oils. 

Savvy Minerals Premium Starter Kit

Savvy Minerals Starter Kit

Savvy Minerals is Young Living’s line of natural makeup, this starter kit has everything you need to put your best face forward as you embark on a chemical-free cosmetics lifestyle.

Young Living Premium Starter Kit Essential Oils

Using your Young Living essential oil starter kit has never been easier. There are so many essential oils available and it can become confusing when you are specifically trying to treat certain ailments that might be plaguing you. Our starter kits put a focus on individual needs and combine several oils in each set to help you achieve maximum well-being effects.  The basic starter kit comes with copaiba vitality, lemon, peppermint, stress away, RC, panaway, purification, lavender, peace & calming and thieves.

Copaiba Essential Oil: in the starter pack is created to help with a variety of conditions that tend to burden us throughout the year. Properties in this oil help combat emotions, digestion, insect bites, inflammation, stretch marks and immune health.

Lemon Essential Oil:  has been used for centuries to promote energy and help with kidney stones UTI and bloating due to its acidity content. Lemon is also fabulous for mouth sores because of its anti-microbial properties and it also can thin mucus when you are suffering from congestion.

Peppermint Essential Oil: is popular go-to oil that comes in handy during cold and flu season and helps reduce headaches by opening up the breathing passages. Morning sickness, nausea, indigestion and constipation are also receptive to reduced symptoms when peppermint is used. Rather than reaching for sugar filled peppermint candies diffuse or apply peppermint to settle your stomach and soothe your eczema or other skin ailments. Diffuse a bit of stress away, peace & calming or lavender and instantly feel the burdens of your day drift away.

RC Essential Oil and Thieves Oil: are key players during allergy season since it naturally combats congestion, stuffy nose symptoms and minor coughs.

Panaway Essential Oil:  applied topically can help reduce arthritis and growing pains and ease tired muscles.

Purification Essential Oil: is a must have for treating ear infections and acne. It is also a great bug repellent. With so many discomforts that can be treated with this starter pack you will never be left feeling unsure of what to use. You will be given information regarding the proper use and application of each essential oil in your kit so you can begin feeling less stressed and more at peace instantly.

Suggested Premium Starter Kit Carrier Oils

Essential oils should be mixed with a carrier oil when they are being applied topically to the skin.  There are several types of carrier oils that blend well with essential oils, these oils are: organic coconut oil, sweet almond oil, jojoba oil, grapeseed oil and the Young Living V-6 enhanced vegetable oil complex.

Each carrier oil has its own attributes that bring out the best qualities of the essential oil and benefit your skin differently.

Organic coconut oil: is the most popular carrier oil. It does not go through the process of chemical extraction and it is full of antioxidants and it is anti-inflammatory, antifungal and antibacterial. Coconut oil can retain a lengthy shelf life and is great for its moisturizing properties.

Sweet almond oil: is extremely rich in vitamin E since it is extracted from the dried fruit of the almond tree. This makes it ideal for treating dry skin.

Jojoba oil: is a multi-use carrier oil. It is a natural makeup remover and also treats dry and cracked feet. These natural moisturizing properties make it ideal for applying directly to your feet with a few drops of your favorite essential oil for fast absorption.

Grape seed oil: is extracted from the seeds of grapes. It is high in proteins, minerals, vitamin E and linoleic acid which is known for combating inflammation. It is not greasy and will not leave an unwanted residue behind which is why it is often combined with essential oils as a natural way to help with acne and other skin conditions.

You can also benefit from a massage blend of Young Living V-6 enhanced vegetable oil and young living essential oils. Simply mix 1-8 teaspoons of the V-6 oil with 15-30 drops of your favorite essential oil and massage freely all over your body. The fatty acids combined with a dilution of essential oils are a perfect way to safely apply your favorite EO’s while reaping the benefits of the individual carrier oil.

Young Living Premium Starter Kit Information

When it comes to using your Young Living Premium Starter Kit Oils you will be provided with a Starter Kit Guide to educate you through each essential oil application. The starter kit comes with a diffuser and high quality oil products in addition to the product guide. The most sought after essential oils are included in the starter kit.

You will benefit from the healing properties of Copaiba vitality, Lemon, Peppermint, stress away, RC, Panaway, Purification, Lavender, Peace & Calming and Thieves essential oils. Wholesale members receive additional discounts or incentives to help them achieve optimal personal care and wellness variety. The Young Living Premium Starter Kit is perfect for assisting in the treatment of several ailments such as reducing stress, tension, anxiety, indigestion, upset stomach, headache, cough, cold, allergies, acne and dry skin conditions.

If you decide to become a brand ambassador and offer wellness options to others via Young Living essential oils you will be given the perfect foundation and business tools to bring seasonal promotions and year round care to your clients while gaining invaluable business information. Young Living essential oils can be inhaled via aromatherapy through the diffuser or they can be applied topically to your skin by the use of carrier oils. You can also create many customized home cleaning and health and wellness products and cut out all of the chemical based cleaners and products that are taking up residency within your cleaning and medicine cabinets.

The starter kit guide gives you the educational foundation that you need to understand what oils blend well with others to create the exact all natural products you want to incorporate into your household. The Young Living Premium Starter Kit Oils will launch you into a healthier lifestyle for both your body and your environment.

Young Living Premium Starter Kit FAQ’s

How much does a Young Living distributor make?2019-08-18T00:35:45+00:00

As a Young Living distributor you have the opportunity to make as much or as little as you want. The more you market your business the more you will likely make. The more time you can invest will also produce more clients. The average Young Living Essential Oils salary ranges from approximately $22,362 per year for Customer Service Representative to $46,240 per year for Independent Distributor.
Oct 20, 2018

Who are the highest paid Young Living distributors?2019-08-18T00:35:08+00:00

The 3 most elite ranks of YL distributors are Diamond, Crown Diamond and Royal Crown Diamond. These individuals are far exceeding a six figure yearly income and have grown their teams to extraordinary levels. RCD distributors make an annual income well over $1M and have devoted their entire career to networking and promoting wellness.

How much does it cost to become a Young Living distributor?2019-08-18T00:34:17+00:00

Just like being a wholesale customer, you are required to purchase a starter kit, which range in price from $45 to $260 (depending on diffuser choice). It is up to you which kit you select and you can use your distributor wholesale discount to build your essential oil collection.

What is the Young Living distributor agreement and how can it be completed?2019-08-18T00:33:02+00:00
What are the rules that Young Living distributors must adhere to?2019-08-18T00:31:22+00:00
What are the average earnings of a Young Living distributor per client purchase?2019-08-18T00:30:45+00:00
What are the commitment requirements to be a Young Living distributor?2019-08-17T23:54:52+00:00

Your love for essential oils and ability to communicate and educate others is all you really need to become a distributor. You are marketing yourself and because of this you will want to invest time into learning how each oil works and be willing to dedicate time to your clients. You must be at least 18 years old, read and agree to the Young Living Policy and Procedures and the Compensation Plan. You must also complete, sign and turn in a member agreement to YL within 30 days of enrollment and you must purchase a YL starter kit.

Are there Young Living distributor tax write-offs?2019-08-17T23:53:57+00:00

YL representatives are independent contractors. As an independent contractor you will not fill out a W-2 which means no taxes are withheld from paychecks. If you earn more than $600 in a year the IRS will send you a 1099-MISC. Everything you have done to run your business is considered by your accountant as operating expenses and this will offset taxable income. Keep track of gas, utilities and office space since these can all be used as operating expenses to write off

Where is the Young Living distributor link located?2019-08-17T23:57:01+00:00

As a new distributor you will be given a step by step tutorial on how to create your own customized link for your clients to utilize. You will email this direct link to customers and they can shop directly on your page. As a customer searching for a link you can do a search for a YL distributor near your home directly on the Young Living website. This will produce results of local YL representatives if you do not already have one. 

What is my requirements as a Young Living distributor?2019-08-17T23:57:15+00:00

A Young Living distributor is a provisionary bridge between your current health and your future natural health. Distributors educate customers on the benefits of each essential oil and how to properly utilize each one. YL distributors bring healthy all natural essential oils directly to your doorstep.

Do Young Living distributors receive a discount?2019-08-17T23:50:24+00:00
Where can I get the Young Living distributor car decal and other merchandise to grow my business?2019-08-17T23:48:24+00:00

The Young Living gear store also features amazing products such as car decals and even table cloths and other supplies to help create a wonderful display at trade shows or parties. The decal will let everyone know that you are essential oil educator and are willing to share the benefits of YL oils.

What are the Young Living distributor business cards and how can you acquire them?2019-08-17T23:49:08+00:00

Young Living wants distributors to succeed and build a successful home business. The Young Living site offers young living gear where distributors can create customized business cards to keep on hand for clients. These make wonderful marketing tools to help connect distributors with prospective clients.

How does YL help distributors establish their virtual office? Where is the Young Living distributor login?2019-08-17T23:49:20+00:00
What are the rank advancements for Young Living distributor levels in order from beginner to top tier?2019-08-17T23:45:02+00:00
Who leaves the Young Living distributor reviews?2019-08-17T23:44:18+00:00
Find a Young Living distributor2019-08-17T23:43:23+00:00
Do I have to buy a Diffuser with my Starter Kit?2019-03-05T07:00:19+00:00
What’s the cheapest Young Living Premium Starter Kit?2019-03-05T06:58:45+00:00
What’s the most expensive Young Living Premium Starter Kit?2019-03-05T06:57:37+00:00
What if I experience skin discomfort or irritation?2019-03-05T06:56:47+00:00

If you are experiencing discomfort or irritation with a certain oil, stop using it and apply V-6 or another carrier oil to the area affected. Do not use water to try to wash the oil off, as this can make irritation worse. If you see a rash, try drinking water to encourage the release and removal of body toxins. You can also perform a patch test (trying on a small area of skin) with any essential oil before using it topically. If EO gets in your eye, wash it out with V-6 carrier oil rather than water, and seek medical attention if it’s not feeling better within 5 minutes. Be aware that water will carry oil into skin and eyes, so flushing with water can make negative symptoms worse.

What is a carrier oil, what does it do, and why should I use it?2019-03-05T06:55:56+00:00

Carrier oils are very important in your essential oil regiment. A carrier oil is a vegetable oil like coconut or grapeseed oil that is used to dilute an essential oil. These oils ensure that applying certain essential oils are comfortable. Diluting an essential oil with a carrier will not dilute the effects, but does reduce the potency to make sure that you do not experience negative side effects. Remember that substances like shortening, butter, or petroleum are not carrier oils and shouldn’t be used in that way. We recommend avoiding olive oil because it tends to have a stronger smell and thicker consistency.

Do AromaGlide Roller Fitments work with all Young Living essential oil bottles?2019-03-05T06:55:07+00:00

AromaGlide™ Roller Fitments fit any Young Living essential oil bottles. Once in a while, you might find variances in the glass that can cause fitments to fit slightly tighter or looser, but if that happens simply remove that fitment and try on a different bottle.

Are Young Living diffusers BPA free?2019-03-05T06:52:56+00:00
Is the plastic in Young Living diffusers safe for use with essential oils?2019-03-05T06:50:05+00:00

Young Living diffusers are also put through rigorous testing to ensure that the materials are stable and safe when in contact with the oils for normal use. It’s important to clean your diffuser often to prolong the lifespan of the machine and ensure safety.

Are Young Living products FDA approved?2019-03-05T06:47:50+00:00

All ingredients in Young Living’s food or dietary supplements are evaluated by the FDA and approved for human consumption. Similarly, their cosmetics are approved by the FDA for cosmetic use. The FDA does not approve Young Living products as a whole, but rather each ingredient used in their products.

What tests does Young Living conduct on their essential oils?2019-03-02T16:53:33+00:00

Young Living uses extensive testing in their own labs as well as third-party facilities to ensure the highest purity and potency standards are met and exceeded with every bottle. Each batch goes through 6 specific tests to gauge quality, and must meet established benchmarks to be judged ready to go to market.

  • Mass Spectrometer—Identifies the names of each constituent (plant chemicals) in the oil.
  • Gas Chromatograph—Measures the percentage of constituents in the oil.
  • Refractive Index—Measures the density of the oil using a concentrated beam of light.
  • Specific Gravity—Measures how heavy the oil is as compared to water.
  • Flash Point—Ignites the oil and tests it against standard flash temperatures.
  • Optical Rotation—Measures the molecular structure of the oil.



Are Young Living essential oils certified organic?2019-03-02T16:50:39+00:00

This is a common question! Young Living boasts the purest and most powerful essential oils available, and their strict standards of quality go far beyond Certified Organic. Their unique Seed to Seal quality process assures the highest grade of oils by working directly with farms, growers and distillers to ensure that the quality and authenticity of each and every oil meets their high standards. Young Living is passionate about producing 100% pure essential oils that retain the natural properties that make them so beneficial. They carefully monitor each step of oil production from when a seed is sourced to when the seal is placed on the bottle. Young Living has changed the lives of millions of essential oil users through providing products which are pure, therapeutic-grade, and providing maximum potency and benefits.

How do I order my Premium Starter Kit?2019-11-30T17:38:59+00:00
Is the Young Living Premium Starter Kit worth it?2019-03-02T16:36:19+00:00

Absolutely! When you look at everything you get in a Premium Starter Kit, you will see that the value is tremendous. In addition to the 12 full size bottles of essential oil, you get a diffuser (that if purchased alone would cost $100 or more). Plus, you get materials and information that are helpful if you’d like to share your story with essential oils or build a business.

Are vitality oils FDA approved?2019-03-02T16:34:44+00:00

Vitality oils are compliant within the FDA guidelines since that organization does not allow more than one use per “sku” number, and vitality oils are labeled specifically for internal usage. Essential oils are the same oils, labeled for topical and aromatic usage.

Is Young Living a MLM?2019-11-30T17:37:43+00:00

Young Living is not an MLM (Multi Level Marketing Company) in the traditional sense. They are considered a Direct Sales Network Marketing brand – that means that reps offering Young Living products are encouraged to find new users and customers, not other sellers. In an MLM, reps focus on getting a “down-line” of others to also sell the product. Young Living is focused on educating and supporting essential oil users with a pure, therapeutic-grade oils.

How much does it cost to become a young living member?2019-11-30T17:39:41+00:00

Similar to becoming a wholesale customer, to take advantage of discounted pricing and great benefits like Essential Rewards, you’ll need to become a member. To do that, you’ll need to purchase a starter kit, and those range in price from $45 to $260 depending on your diffuser choice. You simply make this investment one time. If you plan to distribute Young Living products and wish to earn a commission check, make sure you’re enrolled in the Essential Rewards program. You can learn more about that here.

How do you use young living oils?2019-03-02T16:27:59+00:00

Essential oils are quite versatile and so there are hundreds of ways to use them. Here are the most common:

  • Topical:This refers to oil that is applied to the skin. It’s important to note that some oils need to be diluted before you can apply them to skin, and only certain oils can be applied directly to skin. Pure essential oils have such a high concentration that they need to be diluted with a carrier oil to be safe for topical use.
  • Aromatic:An aromatic oil is one that you inhale. You might do so by rubbing the oil on the palm of your hands or on a wrist, and then bringing the skin to your nose or mouth.

Vitality products are meant to be ingested, and many people add essential oils to cleaning products and skin and beauty care.  For more ideas on how to use your essential oils, click here.

How do you become a young living seller?2019-03-02T16:23:20+00:00
How much is a young living premium starter kit?2019-03-02T16:21:32+00:00

Starter kits vary in price based on which one you choose. No matter which you choose, if you leverage our wholesale pricing, you’ll be getting a great deal. The Premium starter kit is valued at over $400 and includes 12 full size 5 ml bottles of essential oils, and you can get it for $165. That kit also includes a diffuser, which costs $100 on its own!

Rainstone Diffuser FAQ’s:

How long does the Rainstone diffuser run?2019-03-14T05:35:59+00:00

so the remote has when you turn it on the default setting is going to be 8 hours. but then you can have it run for 1 hour 2 hour 3 hour 6 hours or 8 hours. you can turn the mist on and off it also has an ionizer on there and then the LED control.

How far does the Rainstone diffuser reach?2019-03-14T04:07:17+00:00
Does the Rainstone diffuser come with a remote control?2019-03-14T04:06:11+00:00
What is an ultrasonic diffuser?2019-03-14T04:05:21+00:00

An ultrasonic diffuser is an aromatherapy diffuser that uses electricity to disperse essential oils into the air. They break the essential oil particles down into their base molecules. … Ultrasonic diffusers use water as a transference mechanism but do not rely on steam.

How do you clean your Rainstone diffuser?2019-03-14T04:04:30+00:00

Always turn off and unplug the diffuser prior to cleaning.
Periodically check under the diffuser to keep the fan intake free of debris.
Use little brush that came with diffuser, dip in rubbing alcohol and rub all around the little plate at the bottom of the diffuser.
Clean at least once of week.

How much is a Rainstone Premium Starter kit cost?2019-03-14T04:03:15+00:00

Dewdrop Diffuser FAQ’s:

How long does the Dewdrop diffuser run?2019-03-14T05:44:26+00:00
How far does the Dewdrop diffuser reach?2019-03-14T05:43:29+00:00
Does the Dewdrop diffuser have a light?2019-03-14T05:42:43+00:00
Does the Dewdrop diffuser have automatic shut-off?2019-03-14T05:41:58+00:00
How do you clean your Dewdrop diffuser?2019-03-14T05:40:57+00:00

Always turn off and unplug the diffuser prior to cleaning.
Periodically check under the diffuser to keep the fan intake free of debris.
Use little brush that came with diffuser, dip in rubbing alcohol and rub all around the little plate at the bottom of the diffuser.
Clean at least once of week.

How much is a Dewdrop Premium Starter kit cost?2019-03-14T05:40:10+00:00

Desert Mist Diffuser FAQ’s:

How long does the Desert Mist diffuser run?2019-03-14T06:02:27+00:00
How far does the Desert Mist diffuser reach?2019-03-14T05:59:51+00:00
Does the Desert Mist diffuser have a light?2019-03-14T05:59:08+00:00
Does the Desert Mist diffuser have automatic shut-off?2021-06-13T21:18:32+00:00

This diffuser does have a built in automatic shut off, which is makes using this diffuser easy and worry free. So the short answer is yes, the diffuser shuts off when the water runs out.

It does not shut off automatically and can damage the unit if it continues to run empty. The oil is what helps it diffuse properly. I have one next to my night stand and find that only a few minutes of run time is enough for wonderful aromatherapy benefits.

It also has (3) different run modes you can customize to your own liking.

How do you clean your Desert Mist diffuser?2019-03-14T05:57:20+00:00

Always turn off and unplug the diffuser prior to cleaning.
Periodically check under the diffuser to keep the fan intake free of debris.
Use little brush that came with diffuser, dip in rubbing alcohol and rub all around the little plate at the bottom of the diffuser.
Clean at least once of week.

How much is a Desert Mist Premium Starter kit cost?2019-03-14T05:56:26+00:00

Aria Diffuser FAQ’s:

Does the Aria diffuser play music?2019-03-14T06:11:51+00:00
How long does the Aria diffuser run?2019-03-14T06:11:10+00:00
How far does the Aria diffuser reach?2019-03-14T06:10:34+00:00
Does the Aria diffuser have a light?2019-03-14T06:09:31+00:00
How do you clean your Aria diffuser?2019-03-14T06:07:47+00:00

Always turn off and unplug the diffuser prior to cleaning.
Periodically check under the diffuser to keep the fan intake free of debris.
Use little brush that came with diffuser, dip in rubbing alcohol and rub all around the little plate at the bottom of the diffuser.
Clean at least once of week.

How much is a Aria Premium Starter kit cost?2019-03-14T06:05:57+00:00

Over $450.00 Retail Value for $260! Young Living Essential Oils Premium Starter Kit with Aria Diffuser comes with the Premium Oils Collection and Stress Away! The retail value is over $450.00 but starts you for $260! (US currency) Start your membership today with this wonderful kit.

Thieves Premium Starter Kit FAQ’s:

Is Thieves made from 100% plant-mineral base ingredients?2019-03-14T06:16:58+00:00
Is Thieves an all-purpose cleaner?2019-03-14T06:16:11+00:00
How many drops should I put in a 2-ounce dark glass spray bottle?2019-03-14T06:15:30+00:00

10-15 drops of Young Living Thieves essential oil mixed with about 2 ounces of distilled water.

Is Thieves a natural household cleaner?2019-11-30T19:01:16+00:00
How much is the Thieves Premium Starter kit cost?2019-03-14T06:13:54+00:00

Young Living Basic Starter Kit FAQ’s:

Young Living Ningxia Red Starter Kit FAQ’s:

What are the health benefits of Ningxia Red?2019-03-14T11:32:12+00:00

Antioxidants are also beneficial to skin health as they protect from high, ultraviolet light damage and can help control premature aging of the skin as well as protect you from sunburn. Other uses of Ningxia Red include: Benefits of the Ingredients: Wolfberry.

What is Ningxia Red?2019-03-14T11:30:59+00:00

Ningxia Red is a delicious antioxidant beverage combining an extraordinary wolfberry superfruit (in the Goji berry family) with 100% pure essential oils in a powerful, whole-body nutrient infusion. … Contains therapeutic grade essential oils of yuzu, lemon, tangerine and orange.

How much is the Young Living Ningxia Red Starter kit cost?2019-03-14T11:26:28+00:00

Young Living Savvy Minerals Starter Kit FAQ’s: